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Internet Yönetişim Forumu IGF2014 başladı

01 Eylül 2014

Internet Yönetişim Forumu IGF2014 1 Eylül 2014'te İstanbul Lütfi Kırdar Kongre Merkezi'nde başladı. http://igf2014.org.tr/

TBV Başkanı Faruk Eczacıbaşı üst düzey toplantıda "E-katılım ve İnternet Kullanıcılarının Bugünü ve Yarını" temalı bir konuşma yaptı. Konuşma metninin tamamını aşağıda görebilirsiniz:

"I want to focus today on e-inclusion and the bumpy road we travel towards ensuring individuals’ and communities’ access and active participation in the ICT landscape – a key ingredient for sustaining development.

The 2014 UN e-Government Survey is one among many sources that suggest that our current understanding of the Digital Divide is more about the human capability and ability to access and actively use of ICT.

So, there is a direct link between global capacity building and achieving e-inclusion.

The internet prompted seismic changes in the way humans learn, discover and create. It is therefore baffling to think there was ever a pre-Internet era.

History of public usage of the Internet goes back to almost a quarter of the century.

John Perry Barlow’s 1996 “Internet Manifesto” seems romantic and naïve to the Net-savvy users of today.

But, the initial “dream” was to shake up the traditional institutions and to achieve an even distribution of income and wealth.  There was even the talk of a “long boom” and absence of global crises, under the most intellectual netizens.

Some of those early predictions are true. Yet, new and successful alternatives to outdated business and political models still needs to emerge.

Unfortunately, internet seems to have a magnifying effect on inequalities in the wealth distribution.

And worse, most parts of the emerging world are still not able to cope with the sudden accelerated speed of change:

·     Internet penetration rates are as low as 20% percent in Yemen, Libya and Syria - the most problematic countries in the globe.

·     Only 8 percent of Iraqis are (were before the cataclysm) active internet users. This shockingly low internet penetration rate stands in sharp contrast against the developed world. 

Countries, regions losing their hope of joining the value adding “economic network”, tend to use the destructive power of the net.

On the flip side, however, in network-ready countries, we observe that, when the Internet matures, some of the known social, economic and cultural relationships of the offline world, including inequalities, are reversed.

Connectedness also enables better access to very basic and fundamental services such as healthcare and education.

Therefore, a more equal, widespread and well-informed access to the Internet is an important cure for inequality, locally and globally.

The maturing of the Internet will depend on our better governing of the Internet by facilitating e-inclusion.

The turn of the twenty-first century reminds many observers of a darker period in our fairly recent history: the decade before the 2nd World War. After the “swinging twenties”, a severe economic crisis resulted in 25% unemployment rate and forced the major world powers to develop populist and isolationist policies, culminating in the catastrophe of 2nd World War.

And today we have a powerful, global, “nuclear” tool in our hands: The Net.

If today’s global powers and institutions are not aware of the lack of global rules and regulations for the taming of internet’s power, I’m afraid, the unleashed energy would be far more destructive than we have seen in first half of the 20th century.

Evidence of the explosive consequences of this unleashed energy comes from the repeated cycles of resistance and contemporary social movements in our new century.

Communities across the world speak the language of “grassroots globalization”.

To conclude:Capacity building??? YES.

But “equal” distribution of capacity is even more important.

These two goals combined will deliver a sustainable future for young adults equipped with global citizenship skills and a tendency for creativity and innovative thinking.

And for this… the world needs an e-inclusive global governance mechanism for the Internet so as to ensure that we grow responsibly towards a sustainable future…

What a wonderful task for an institution like UN! An opportunity to create an immediate task force!

The UN already is working towards a new development agenda to succeed the Millennium Development Goals.

The new agenda will guide all countries for improving billions’ lives, enrich societies for the near future beginning from 2016 through 2030.

Thus, a new task force for the revamped governance of the Internet may quite easily fit into this development agenda, by ensuring that everyone should have access to global information without any restrictions, and without any doubts about net neutrality. This is a must for promoting sustainable development and democracy worldwide."